Martyrdom in Quran and Hadithes:
A look at the truth of martyrdom Martyrdom means mortality of human being to achieve the source of light and to approach the absolute being. Martyrdom is the love of joining beloved in the most beautiful way. martyrdom is a death by being killed in which the martyr consciously chooses it for the sake of a holy end and as Quran called ( فی سبیل اللهFor God's Sake) and as Prophet(PBUH) said this kind of death is the best and the most honorable one. (اشرف الموت قتل الشهاده)and Amir-al- Momenin imam Ali(A.S.) considers it as the most respectable death (اکرم الموت القتل). Martyr (Shahid) is defined as witness and it is known as the one who is placed in the way of martyrdom and is killed for God's sake. Martyrdom is not a kind of death but a description of reasonable life. Therefore the martyr is alive for ever. وَلاَ تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِینَ قُتِلُواْ فِی سَبِیلِ اللّهِ أَمْوَاتًا بَلْ أَحْیاء عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ یرْزَقُونَ "Think not of those, who are slain in the way of Allah, as dead. Nay, they are living. With their lord they have provision." Martyr is alive for ever and his death is actually a transfer from current life in the nature to its behind-the-scenes life. و لا تقولوا لمن یقتل فی سبیل الله اموات بل احیاء و لکن لا تشعرون There are around 10 verses in Holy Quran which are obviously about the ones who are killed for God's sake. Different subjects covered in these verses includes the aliveness of martyrs, aliment of Martyrs, forgiveness of sins by martyrs, no spoiling of martyr's actions, happiness of martyrs, entrance to divine mercy, and salvation of martyrs. A great number of Hadiths are quoted by Infallible Imams in expression of sublime position and degree of martyrs , the virtue of martyrdom and the reward of it.
We cease this article with a translation of one of Prophet's Hadith: The Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) said that: When the fighters aim at taking part In the war , God guarantees their immunity from the fire of hell and as they get ready for the war, the angels will be proud of them. While they say farewell to their families, fishes and houses weep for them. They will be forgived of their sins as the snakes molt. Almighty God appoints four thousand angels to protect them from front and back. Whatever virtue they do, will be doubled. For each day of their presence in the field of war is the reward equal to the prayer of thousand devouts. No one is able to perceive the reward of their confrontation with enemies and as they stand to fight and shoot, the angels spread wing on their head and pray for their victory and consistency. On the moment of injuries, heavenly spouse and divinve mercies will descend for him. Good for pure souls, which come out of pure bodies. Congratulations to you for the sake of munificences and mercies which are seen by no eyes and are heard by no air and are impinged on no hearts. (Kashf-ol-Asrar – va- Oddat-ol-Abrar, Vol. 2nd. Pages 248 ,249)